# Criminal research statistics

1. Assignment #1

After reading Chapter 1 and Additional Material under the Learning Modules: Chapter 1: Main Points – Theory and Measurement, answer the following questions.

Due date: Sunday, January 25th (by midnight)

*20 points total (each question= 2 points)

NAME:

1. Geographic region is measured as “north-west,” “southwest,” “Midwest,” “northeast”, and “southeast.” The variable is measured at the __________________ level of measurement.

1. nominal
2. ordinal
3. interval
4. ratio

1. While variables can be discrete or continuous, they can also be classified according to how they are measured.  The simplest type of variable is the ____________ variable.

1. ordinal
2. interval
3. ratio
4. nominal
5. factorial

1. This variable is one in which the same unit of measurement is applied throughout the range of the values, but there is no true zero point.

1. ordinal
2. interval
3. ratio
4. nominal
5. factorial

1. Your measure of daily cigarette use asks: How many cigarettes do you typically have in a day? 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, etc. Daily cigarette use is a ___________ level of measurement.

1. nominal
2. ordinal
3. ratio
4. interval

1. Participants in a research study have been classified as lower, middle, or upper class in terms of their socioeconomic status. We can say that the variable of social class has been measured at the _______________________ level of measurement.

1. On a questionnaire administered to adult professionals, a researcher asked the respondents how many miles they have driven in their lifetime. The responses range from a very low number to a very high number. When the researchers ask again at the end of the survey, people’s responses differ from the first time. This illustrates that the measure for number of miles driven is not ________________.

1. validity
2. reliability

7.  A __________ is a set of interconnected statements that explain the social phenomenon you are studying.

(a)  project

(b)  variable

(c)  theory

(d) research question

(e) hypothesis

9.   A statement about the relationship between two or more variables is called a(n)…

(a)  theory

(b)  proposal

(c)  analysis

(d)  thesis

(e)  hypothesis