speakers

a foothold
December 3, 2019
china shop
December 3, 2019

speakers

I. Questions 1-6: Which of the two speakers in each example provide or give an argument (or arguments) for their belief, view, or position? Answers can be “none,” “one” (say who it is), or “both.”

1.        larry: Before we go to Turkey, let’s

I. Questions 1-6: Which of the two  in each example provide or give an argument (or arguments) for their belief, view, or position? Answers can be “none,” “one” (say who it is), or “both.”

1.        larry: Before we go to Turkey, let’s go to a tanning salon and get a tan.

laurie: I don’t think we should. . . . Taning salons can be dangerous. Don’t forget “Final    Destination”!

2.   she: Of course women soldiers shouldn’t be allowed to volunteer themselves or be ordered to serve in combat.

he: Actually, I don’t think anyone should serve involuntarily in the armed forces and engage in combat against their will.

3.   insurance executive: Insurance is expensive because accident victims hire lawyers to take insurers to court and soak us.

attorney: Well, we shouldn’t set limits on how much lawyers can extract from insurance companies. What if someone’s medical expenses exceed those limits? We cannot just say “tough noogies” to these victims.

4.   first citizen: There has been a lot of talk in favor of having police-review boards composed of ordinary citizens who would monitor law enforcement activities. That sounds like a great idea to me. You can’t let a fox guard the chickens from foxes.

second citizen: I’m sure I would say that the ethics of law enforcers is as important as the ethics of law makers.

5.   terry: You don’t need to spend a lot of money on a home stereo system. If you want to be able to listen to high-quality music, just buy a good car stereo system. They’re just as good as home stereos. All you need is a power converter, and you’re in business.

larry: Fine, except good car speakers cost more than home speakers; it isn’t exactly cheap to replace your car music system if the car and/or the sound system get ripped off.

6.   worried university athletics supporter: I’m particularly concerned with the proposed cuts in the university athletic program. If something has to be cut, let’s start with something like dance, basket weaving, and Philosophy 105, instead.

unworried supporter: Don’t worry. A strong athletic program that includes tennis is excellent publicity and brings in commercial contributions.

II. Questions 7-14: Which item in each of the following sets of claims has the most negativeemotive force?

7.  Mrs. Gardner

a. is a social drinker.

b. is alcohol-dependent.

c. is a heavy imbiber.

d. is usually sloshed.

8.       a.  He had done some unfortunate deeds in his day.

b. He had on occasion gone astray.

c. He had broken a few rules.

d. He had the moral sensitivity of a camel.

9.  a. She occasionally lapsed in her doing her duty toward others.

b. She didn’t care a whit how her actions would affect others, one way or the other.

c. She made use of every opportunity to cause a multitude of innocuous misfortunes for others.

d. She was vicious toward others.

10. a. He was a circumspect sort of person.

b. He was deliberately heedful of his own safety.

c. He was afraid to take the slightest risk.

d. He never wanted to break his mother’s back by walking on a crack.

11. When he told others what he thought of them, he was almost always

a. honest

b. candid

c. ruthless

d. blunt

go to a tanning salon and get a tan.

laurie: I don’t think we should. . . . Taning salons can be dangerous. Don’t forget “Final    Destination”!

2.   she: Of course women soldiers shouldn’t be allowed to volunteer themselves or be ordered to serve in combat.

he: Actually, I don’t think anyone should serve involuntarily in the armed forces and engage in combat against their will.

3.   insurance executive: Insurance is expensive because accident victims hire lawyers to take insurers to court and soak us.

attorney: Well, we shouldn’t set limits on how much lawyers can extract from insurance companies. What if someone’s medical expenses exceed those limits? We cannot just say “tough noogies” to these victims.

4.   first citizen: There has been a lot of talk in favor of having police-review boards composed of ordinary citizens who would monitor law enforcement activities. That sounds like a great idea to me. You can’t let a fox guard the chickens from foxes.

second citizen: I’m sure I would say that the ethics of law enforcers is as important as the ethics of law makers.

5.   terry: You don’t need to spend a lot of money on a home stereo system. If you want to be able to listen to high-quality music, just buy a good car stereo system. They’re just as good as home stereos. All you need is a power converter, and you’re in business.

larry: Fine, except good car speakers cost more than home speakers; it isn’t exactly cheap to replace your car music system if the car and/or the sound system get ripped off.

6.   worried university athletics supporter: I’m particularly concerned with the proposed cuts in the university athletic program. If something has to be cut, let’s start with something like dance, basket weaving, and Philosophy 105, instead.

unworried supporter: Don’t worry. A strong athletic program that includes tennis is excellent publicity and brings in commercial contributions.

II. Questions 7-14: Which item in each of the following sets of claims has the most negativeemotive force?

7.  Mrs. Gardner

a. is a social drinker.

b. is alcohol-dependent.

c. is a heavy imbiber.

d. is usually sloshed.

8.       a.  He had done some unfortunate deeds in his day.

b. He had on occasion gone astray.

c. He had broken a few rules.

d. He had the moral sensitivity of a camel.

9.  a. She occasionally lapsed in her doing her duty toward others.

b. She didn’t care a whit how her actions would affect others, one way or the other.

c. She made use of every opportunity to cause a multitude of innocuous misfortunes for others.

d. She was vicious toward others.

10. a. He was a circumspect sort of person.

b. He was deliberately heedful of his own safety.

c. He was afraid to take the slightest risk.

d. He never wanted to break his mother’s back by walking on a crack.

11. When he told others what he thought of them, he was almost always

a. honest

b. candid

c. ruthless

d. blunt

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