What does the term “Baroque” mean?

For the Second Micro Essay, please choose one of the two questions listed below and answer it in the form of a short paragraph.  These questions come from the readings related to vocal and instrumental music of the Baroque Era.  Please answer in the space provided in this form and limit your paragraph to no more than 250 words (answers with significantly fewer words are fine if they can answer the chosen question fully).

What does the term “Baroque” mean?  Where does it come from?  What is it about music of the Baroque Era that might have prompted that term?  Do you believe it is an appropriate term for that era?