After reading, understanding and processing the document on Writing an Argument, answer the questions listed below in your own words. If you quote from the document, make sure you use quotation marks. Only quote when necessary, mostly use your own words to describe and explain the answers.
- What is one of the most important elements of argument?
- What is the third person and why present your argument in the third person?
- Why do you need to know your audience?
- How might you offend your audience or neglect their needs?
- Demonstrate this by providing any example. First describe your argument or point. Then describe who your audience is and what you would need to do to fully consider them, what they already know and what they need to know. Feel free to use a real example from your life or create a scenario to demonstrate this.
- Describe three ways you can bow to the opposition.
- What two important tasks should you accomplish in the introduction?
- What is the most important part of a paragraph? Explain.
- What is the most important part of organizing your essay? Explain.
- What is the most important part of the conclusion. Explain.
There are 15 logical fallacies explained. Read all 15 carefully and then respond to the first 5. Apply the logical fallacy to the examples listed in 1-5. Explain why the example is an unreasonable argument. What is wrong with basing an argument on the logic in that example? Explain in your own words. List the name of the logical fallacy with the definition and then explain the illogical reasoning behind. Put your words in bold. An example is below:
Example: #13 Oversimplification: The welfare system’s problems can be solved if we enroll its recipients in job training programs. In addition, enrolling recipients into job training programs is not going to solve welfare problems because the reasons people are on welfare are many and all are not related to a lack of employment. In addition “enrolling” in a program does not mean the person can or will get a job. Not every person may want to work nor may be able to work for a variety of reasons. We don’t know if the person will ever show up or complete the program? We don’t know if we have enough jobs available if the person does complete the program. Can people maintain these jobs? Will the jobs pay enough? These are just a few questions to consider. Enrolling people in a training program is not going to solve anything. It is a first step, but not a solution to the complex problem of welfare. Narrowing this issue down and providing a simple solution is a lazy, ineffective argument that does not make sense.